A fundamental tenet of Islam is belief in the "Day of Resurrection", yawm al-Qiyāmah (also known as yawm ad-dīn, "Day of Judgment" and as-sā`a, "the Last Hour"). Muslims believe that the time of Qiyāmah is preordained by God, but unknown to man. The trials and tribulations preceding and during the Qiyāmah are described in the Qur'an and the hadith, as well as in the commentaries of Islamic scholars such as al-Ghazali, Ibn Kathir, and al-Bukhari. The Qur'an emphasizes bodily resurrection, a sharp break from the pre-Islamic Arabian understanding of death (although some interpret this symbolically). Resurrection will be followed by the gathering of all mankind, Muslim and non-Muslim, culminating in their judgment by God.
The Qur'an list several sins that can condemn a person to hell, such as dishonesty and the exploitation of others. Muslims view paradise as a place of joy and bliss, but despite the Qur'an's descriptions of the physical pleasures to come, there are clear references to an even greater joy — acceptance by God (ridwan). There is also a strong mystical tradition in Islam that places these heavenly delights in the context of an ecstatic awareness of God, stressing an allegorical interpretation of the Qur'anic verses describing heaven
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Solitary discourse yields deeper understanding than solitary description. - Zavals and Kuhn show that imagining a discourse between advocates of two political candidates yields a richer representation than solitary evaluation of th...
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